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14 Jun 2016
Learn SVG basics in 10 minutes

Audience

Those looking for a quick tutorial on SVG, to get a clear understanding of its basics. You should know a bit of HTML and CSS to understand this article.

What is SVG

SVG is Scalable Vector Graphics. It was introduced in 1999 by W3C.

Why use SVG

  • SVG is basically a vector image. Vector images are visually sharper compared to raster images (PNG, JPEG).
  • They are XML-compatible.
  • Vector images are independent of the resolution of the screen.
  • You can add style using CSS.
  • You can make it interactive using Javascript.
  • The image is created using lines of code which means, compared to raster image formats, the size is very low. This saves bandwidth.

Learn by Example

Open a browser and editor and practice the following code. You can easily figure out most of it. All the code rests inside svg tag similar to XML. It needs a namespace and a version. Inside svg tag is where the magic happens.

<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" version="1.1" width="400" height="200">
	<rect x="25" y="30" width="200" height="150" fill="lime" stroke-width="4" stroke="pink" />
</svg>

(x,y) are the coordinates of the top left corner. width and height are the dimensions of the rectangle. The other attributes fill, stroke and stroke-width are responsible for the color and thickness of the figure.

<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" version="1.1" width="400" height="200">
  <circle cx="125" cy="100" r="75" fill="orange" />
</svg>

(cx,xy) is the center of the circle and r is its radius.

<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" version="1.1" width="400" height="200">
  <polyline points="50,150 50,188 188,188 188,100" stroke="red" stroke-width="4" fill="none" />
</svg>

This polyline has four coordinates. Each of the coordinates are separated by spaces.

<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" version="1.1" width="400" height="200">
  <line x1="50" y1="50" x2="180" y2="180" stroke="blue" stroke-width="4" />
</svg>

(x1,y1) and (x2,y2) are the two end points of the line.

<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" version="1.1" width="300" height="200">
  <polygon points="50,50  150,50  150,150" style="stroke:#aaa000; fill:#712ae;"/>
</svg>

This is similar to polyline, except that the enclosed area is filled.

Now its time to play with the path tag. You use this to draw advanced shapes. (The below code was developed by Peter Collingridge)

Here you can play around with your mouse and see how the path is getting changed. You can draw many curves using the path tag. To know more on that you can read this documentation.

End

That should not have taken more than 10 minutes! If you want to learn a bit more, click here. It is an amazing tutorial by Jenkov that explains things in a more detailed manner.


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